PAYT does not put small haulers out of business. PAYT can be enacted under an ordinance in an “open” system (citizens can choose from multiple haulers) to provide a level playing field for all haulers without prohibiting any hauler from competing in the marketplace (19). PAYT with embedded recycling service (as PAYT is often implemented) is a business opportunity for haulers. Under a PAYT system haulers may be required to offer recycling to all households for an appropriate fee – leading to more corporate revenues. They may also use the PAYT experience to expand their capabilities and are therefore ready and experienced when other communities select PAYT. Several haulers have used PAYT as a competitive business advantage to distinguish themselves from haulers that provide basic trash-only service.